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设置mac自带的vim语法高亮

最终效果图大概是这个样子:

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设置vimrc

vimrc文件是vim的环境设置文件。
整体的vim的设置是在 /etc/vimrc 文件中。
不建议修改/etc/vimrc 文件,每个用户可以在用户根目录中设置vim,新建 ~/.vimrc

touch .vimrc

在.vimrc中添加以下内容
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"=========================================================================
" DesCRiption: 适合自己使用的vimrc文件,for Mac/Linux/Windows, GUI/Console
"
" Last Change: 2017年09月11日
"
" Version: 1.80
"
"=========================================================================

set nocompatible " 关闭 vi 兼容模式
syntax on " 自动语法高亮
colorscheme molokai " 设定配色方案
set number " 显示行号
set cursorline " 突出显示当前行
set ruler " 打开状态栏标尺
set shiftwidth=4 " 设定 << 和 >> 命令移动时的宽度为 4
set softtabstop=4 " 使得按退格键时可以一次删掉 4 个空格
set tabstop=4 " 设定 tab 长度为 4
set nobackup " 覆盖文件时不备份
set autochdir " 自动切换当前目录为当前文件所在的目录
filetype plugin indent on " 开启插件
set backupcopy=yes " 设置备份时的行为为覆盖
set ignorecase smartcase " 搜索时忽略大小写,但在有一个或以上大写字母时仍保持对大小写敏感
set nowrapscan " 禁止在搜索到文件两端时重新搜索
set incsearch " 输入搜索内容时就显示搜索结果
set hlsearch " 搜索时高亮显示被找到的文本
set noerrorbells " 关闭错误信息响铃
set novisualbell " 关闭使用可视响铃代替呼叫
set t_vb= " 置空错误铃声的终端代码
" set showmatch " 插入括号时,短暂地跳转到匹配的对应括号
" set matchtime=2 " 短暂跳转到匹配括号的时间
set magic " 设置魔术
set hidden " 允许在有未保存的修改时切换缓冲区,此时的修改由 vim 负责保存
set guioptions-=T " 隐藏工具栏
set guioptions-=m " 隐藏菜单栏
set smartindent " 开启新行时使用智能自动缩进
set backspace=indent,eol,start
" 不设定在插入状态无法用退格键和 Delete 键删除回车符
set cmdheight=1 " 设定命令行的行数为 1
set laststatus=2 " 显示状态栏 (默认值为 1, 无法显示状态栏)
set statusline=\ %<%F[%1*%M%*%n%R%H]%=\ %y\ %0(%{&fileformat}\ %{&encoding}\ %c:%l/%L%)\
" 设置在状态行显示的信息
set foldenable " 开始折叠
set foldmethod=syntax " 设置语法折叠
set foldcolumn=0 " 设置折叠区域的宽度
setlocal foldlevel=1 " 设置折叠层数为
" set foldclose=all " 设置为自动关闭折叠
" nnoremap <space> @=((foldclosed(line('.')) < 0) ? 'zc' : 'zo')<CR>
" 用空格键来开关折叠


" return OS type, eg: windows, or linux, mac, et.st..
function! MySys()
if has("win16") || has("win32") || has("win64") || has("win95")
return "windows"
elseif has("unix")
return "linux"
endif
endfunction

" 用户目录变量$VIMFILES
if MySys() == "windows"
let $VIMFILES = $VIM.'/vimfiles'
elseif MySys() == "linux"
let $VIMFILES = $HOME.'/.vim'
endif

" 设定doc文档目录
let helptags=$VIMFILES.'/doc'

" 设置字体 以及中文支持
if has("win32")
set guifont=Inconsolata:h12:cANSI
endif

" 配置多语言环境
if has("multi_byte")
" UTF-8 编码
set encoding=utf-8
set termencoding=utf-8
set formatoptions+=mM
set fencs=utf-8,gbk

if v:lang =~? '^\(zh\)\|\(ja\)\|\(ko\)'
set ambiwidth=double
endif

if has("win32")
source $VIMRUNTIME/delmenu.vim
source $VIMRUNTIME/menu.vim
language messages zh_CN.utf-8
endif
else
echoerr "Sorry, this version of (g)vim was not compiled with +multi_byte"
endif

" Buffers操作快捷方式!
nnoremap <C-RETURN> :bnext<CR>
nnoremap <C-S-RETURN> :bprevious<CR>

" Tab操作快捷方式!
nnoremap <C-TAB> :tabnext<CR>
nnoremap <C-S-TAB> :tabprev<CR>

"关于tab的快捷键
" map tn :tabnext<cr>
" map tp :tabprevious<cr>
" map td :tabnew .<cr>
" map te :tabedit
" map tc :tabclose<cr>

"窗口分割时,进行切换的按键热键需要连接两次,比如从下方窗口移动
"光标到上方窗口,需要<c-w><c-w>k,非常麻烦,现在重映射为<c-k>,切换的
"时候会变得非常方便.
nnoremap <C-h> <C-w>h
nnoremap <C-j> <C-w>j
nnoremap <C-k> <C-w>k
nnoremap <C-l> <C-w>l

"一些不错的映射转换语法(如果在一个文件中混合了不同语言时有用)
nnoremap <leader>1 :set filetype=xhtml<CR>
nnoremap <leader>2 :set filetype=css<CR>
nnoremap <leader>3 :set filetype=javascript<CR>
nnoremap <leader>4 :set filetype=php<CR>

" set fileformats=unix,dos,mac
" nmap <leader>fd :se fileformat=dos<CR>
" nmap <leader>fu :se fileformat=unix<CR>

" use Ctrl+[l|n|p|cc] to list|next|previous|jump to count the result
" map <C-x>l <ESC>:cl<CR>
" map <C-x>n <ESC>:cn<CR>
" map <C-x>p <ESC>:cp<CR>
" map <C-x>c <ESC>:cc<CR>


" 让 Tohtml 产生有 CSS 语法的 html
" syntax/2html.vim,可以用:runtime! syntax/2html.vim
let html_use_css=1

" Python 文件的一般设置,比如不要 tab 等
autocmd FileType python set tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 expandtab
autocmd FileType python map <F12> :!python %<CR>

" 选中状态下 Ctrl+c 复制
vmap <C-c> "+y

" 打开javascript折叠
let b:javascript_fold=1
" 打开javascript对dom、html和css的支持
let javascript_enable_domhtmlcss=1
" 设置字典 ~/.vim/dict/文件的路径
autocmd filetype javascript set dictionary=$VIMFILES/dict/javascript.dict
autocmd filetype css set dictionary=$VIMFILES/dict/css.dict
autocmd filetype php set dictionary=$VIMFILES/dict/php.dict

"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - bufexplorer.vim Buffers切换
" \be 全屏方式查看全部打开的文件列表
" \bv 左右方式查看 \bs 上下方式查看
"-----------------------------------------------------------------


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - taglist.vim 查看函数列表,需要ctags程序
" F4 打开隐藏taglist窗口
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
if MySys() == "windows" " 设定windows系统中ctags程序的位置
let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = '"'.$VIMRUNTIME.'/ctags.exe"'
elseif MySys() == "linux" " 设定windows系统中ctags程序的位置
let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = '/usr/bin/ctags'
endif
nnoremap <silent><F4> :TlistToggle<CR>
let Tlist_Show_One_File = 1 " 不同时显示多个文件的tag,只显示当前文件的
let Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow = 1 " 如果taglist窗口是最后一个窗口,则退出vim
let Tlist_Use_Right_Window = 1 " 在右侧窗口中显示taglist窗口
let Tlist_File_Fold_Auto_Close=1 " 自动折叠当前非编辑文件的方法列表
let Tlist_Auto_Open = 0
let Tlist_Auto_Update = 1
let Tlist_Hightlight_Tag_On_BufEnter = 1
let Tlist_Enable_Fold_Column = 0
let Tlist_Process_File_Always = 1
let Tlist_Display_Prototype = 0
let Tlist_Compact_Format = 1


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - mark.vim 给各种tags标记不同的颜色,便于观看调式的插件。
" \m mark or unmark the word under (or before) the cursor
" \r manually input a regular expression. 用于搜索.
" \n clear this mark (i.e. the mark under the cursor), or clear all highlighted marks .
" \* 当前MarkWord的下一个 \# 当前MarkWord的上一个
" \/ 所有MarkWords的下一个 \? 所有MarkWords的上一个
"-----------------------------------------------------------------


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - NERD_tree.vim 以树状方式浏览系统中的文件和目录
" :ERDtree 打开NERD_tree :NERDtreeClose 关闭NERD_tree
" o 打开关闭文件或者目录 t 在标签页中打开
" T 在后台标签页中打开 ! 执行此文件
" p 到上层目录 P 到根目录
" K 到第一个节点 J 到最后一个节点
" u 打开上层目录 m 显示文件系统菜单(添加、删除、移动操作)
" r 递归刷新当前目录 R 递归刷新当前根目录
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" F3 NERDTree 切换
map <F3> :NERDTreeToggle<CR>
imap <F3> <ESC>:NERDTreeToggle<CR>


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - NERD_commenter.vim 注释代码用的,
" [count],cc 光标以下count行逐行添加注释(7,cc)
" [count],cu 光标以下count行逐行取消注释(7,cu)
" [count],cm 光标以下count行尝试添加块注释(7,cm)
" ,cA 在行尾插入 ,并且进入插入模式。 这个命令方便写注释。
" 注:count参数可选,无则默认为选中行或当前行
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
let NERDSpaceDelims=1 " 让注释符与语句之间留一个空格
let NERDCompactSexyComs=1 " 多行注释时样子更好看


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - DoxygenToolkit.vim 由注释生成文档,并且能够快速生成函数标准注释
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
let g:DoxygenToolkit_authorName="Asins - asinsimple AT gmail DOT com"
let g:DoxygenToolkit_briefTag_funcName="yes"
map <leader>da :DoxAuthor<CR>
map <leader>df :Dox<CR>
map <leader>db :DoxBlock<CR>
map <leader>dc a <LEFT><LEFT><LEFT>


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin – ZenCoding.vim 很酷的插件,HTML代码生成
" 插件最新版:http://github.com/mattn/zencoding-vim
" 常用命令可看:http://nootn.com/blog/Tool/23/
"-----------------------------------------------------------------


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin – checksyntax.vim JavaScript常见语法错误检查
" 默认快捷方式为 F5
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
let g:checksyntax_auto = 0 " 不自动检查


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - NeoComplCache.vim 自动补全插件
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
let g:AutoComplPop_NotEnableAtStartup = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_EnableAtStartup = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_SmartCase = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_TagsAutoUpdate = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_EnableInfo = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_EnableCamelCaseCompletion = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_MinSyntaxLength = 3
let g:NeoComplCache_EnableSkipCompletion = 1
let g:NeoComplCache_SkipInputTime = '0.5'
let g:NeoComplCache_SnippetsDir = $VIMFILES.'/snippets'
" <TAB> completion.
inoremap <expr><TAB> pumvisible() ? "\<C-n>" : "\<TAB>"
" snippets expand key
imap <silent> <C-e> <Plug>(neocomplcache_snippets_expand)
smap <silent> <C-e> <Plug>(neocomplcache_snippets_expand)


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - matchit.vim 对%命令进行扩展使得能在嵌套标签和语句之间跳转
" % 正向匹配 g% 反向匹配
" [% 定位块首 ]% 定位块尾
"-----------------------------------------------------------------


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin - vcscommand.vim 对%命令进行扩展使得能在嵌套标签和语句之间跳转
" SVN/git管理工具
"-----------------------------------------------------------------


"-----------------------------------------------------------------
" plugin – a.vim
"-----------------------------------------------------------------
设置颜色主题

进入对应目录准备颜色文件,没有就创建对应目录和文件

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daihui@daihuideMBP ~ cd .vim/colors
daihui@daihuideMBP ~/.vim/colors pwd
/Users/daihui/.vim/colors

# 在~/.vim/colors目录下新建一个颜色文件
daihui@daihuideMBP ~/.vim/colors touch molokai.vim

molokai.vim 文件内容如下:

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" Vim color file
"
" Author: Tomas Restrepo <tomas@winterdom.com>
"
" Note: Based on the monokai theme for textmate
" by Wimer Hazenberg and its darker variant
" by Hamish Stuart Macpherson
"

hi clear

set background=dark
if version > 580
" no guarantees for version 5.8 and below, but this makes it stop
" complaining
hi clear
if exists("syntax_on")
syntax reset
endif
endif
let g:colors_name="molokai"

if exists("g:molokai_original")
let s:molokai_original = g:molokai_original
else
let s:molokai_original = 0
endif


hi Boolean guifg=#AE81FF
hi Character guifg=#E6DB74
hi Number guifg=#AE81FF
hi String guifg=#E6DB74
hi Conditional guifg=#F92672 gui=bold
hi Constant guifg=#AE81FF gui=bold
hi Cursor guifg=#000000 guibg=#F8F8F0
hi Debug guifg=#BCA3A3 gui=bold
hi Define guifg=#66D9EF
hi Delimiter guifg=#8F8F8F
hi DiffAdd guibg=#13354A
hi DiffChange guifg=#89807D guibg=#4C4745
hi DiffDelete guifg=#960050 guibg=#1E0010
hi DiffText guibg=#4C4745 gui=italic,bold

hi Directory guifg=#A6E22E gui=bold
hi Error guifg=#960050 guibg=#1E0010
hi ErrorMsg guifg=#F92672 guibg=#232526 gui=bold
hi Exception guifg=#A6E22E gui=bold
hi Float guifg=#AE81FF
hi FoldColumn guifg=#465457 guibg=#000000
hi Folded guifg=#465457 guibg=#000000
hi Function guifg=#A6E22E
hi Identifier guifg=#FD971F
hi Ignore guifg=#808080 guibg=bg
hi IncSearch guifg=#C4BE89 guibg=#000000

hi Keyword guifg=#F92672 gui=bold
hi Label guifg=#E6DB74 gui=none
hi Macro guifg=#C4BE89 gui=italic
hi SpecialKey guifg=#66D9EF gui=italic

hi MatchParen guifg=#000000 guibg=#FD971F gui=bold
hi ModeMsg guifg=#E6DB74
hi MoreMsg guifg=#E6DB74
hi Operator guifg=#F92672

" complete menu
hi Pmenu guifg=#66D9EF guibg=#000000
hi PmenuSel guibg=#808080
hi PmenuSbar guibg=#080808
hi PmenuThumb guifg=#66D9EF

hi PreCondit guifg=#A6E22E gui=bold
hi PreProc guifg=#A6E22E
hi Question guifg=#66D9EF
hi Repeat guifg=#F92672 gui=bold
hi Search guifg=#FFFFFF guibg=#455354
" marks column
hi SignColumn guifg=#A6E22E guibg=#232526
hi SpecialChar guifg=#F92672 gui=bold
hi SpecialComment guifg=#465457 gui=bold
hi Special guifg=#66D9EF guibg=bg gui=italic
hi SpecialKey guifg=#888A85 gui=italic
if has("spell")
hi SpellBad guisp=#FF0000 gui=undercurl
hi SpellCap guisp=#7070F0 gui=undercurl
hi SpellLocal guisp=#70F0F0 gui=undercurl
hi SpellRare guisp=#FFFFFF gui=undercurl
endif
hi Statement guifg=#F92672 gui=bold
hi StatusLine guifg=#455354 guibg=fg
hi StatusLineNC guifg=#808080 guibg=#080808
hi StorageClass guifg=#FD971F gui=italic
hi Structure guifg=#66D9EF
hi Tag guifg=#F92672 gui=italic
hi Title guifg=#ef5939
hi Todo guifg=#FFFFFF guibg=bg gui=bold

hi Typedef guifg=#66D9EF
hi Type guifg=#66D9EF gui=none
hi Underlined guifg=#808080 gui=underline

hi VertSplit guifg=#808080 guibg=#080808 gui=bold
hi VisualNOS guibg=#403D3D
hi Visual guibg=#403D3D
hi WarningMsg guifg=#FFFFFF guibg=#333333 gui=bold
hi WildMenu guifg=#66D9EF guibg=#000000

if s:molokai_original == 1
hi Normal guifg=#F8F8F2 guibg=#272822
hi Comment guifg=#75715E
hi CursorLine guibg=#3E3D32
hi CursorColumn guibg=#3E3D32
hi LineNr guifg=#BCBCBC guibg=#3B3A32
hi NonText guifg=#BCBCBC guibg=#3B3A32
else
hi Normal guifg=#F8F8F2 guibg=#1B1D1E
hi Comment guifg=#465457
hi CursorLine guibg=#293739
hi CursorColumn guibg=#293739
hi LineNr guifg=#BCBCBC guibg=#232526
hi NonText guifg=#BCBCBC guibg=#232526
end

"
" Support for 256-color terminal
"
if &t_Co > 255
hi Boolean ctermfg=135
hi Character ctermfg=144
hi Number ctermfg=135
hi String ctermfg=144
hi Conditional ctermfg=161 cterm=bold
hi Constant ctermfg=135 cterm=bold
hi Cursor ctermfg=16 ctermbg=253
hi Debug ctermfg=225 cterm=bold
hi Define ctermfg=81
hi Delimiter ctermfg=241

hi DiffAdd ctermbg=24
hi DiffChange ctermfg=181 ctermbg=239
hi DiffDelete ctermfg=162 ctermbg=53
hi DiffText ctermbg=102 cterm=bold

hi Directory ctermfg=118 cterm=bold
hi Error ctermfg=219 ctermbg=89
hi ErrorMsg ctermfg=199 ctermbg=16 cterm=bold
hi Exception ctermfg=118 cterm=bold
hi Float ctermfg=135
hi FoldColumn ctermfg=67 ctermbg=16
hi Folded ctermfg=67 ctermbg=16
hi Function ctermfg=118
hi Identifier ctermfg=208
hi Ignore ctermfg=244 ctermbg=232
hi IncSearch ctermfg=193 ctermbg=16

hi Keyword ctermfg=161 cterm=bold
hi Label ctermfg=229 cterm=none
hi Macro ctermfg=193
hi SpecialKey ctermfg=81

hi MatchParen ctermfg=16 ctermbg=208 cterm=bold
hi ModeMsg ctermfg=229
hi MoreMsg ctermfg=229
hi Operator ctermfg=161

" complete menu
hi Pmenu ctermfg=81 ctermbg=16
hi PmenuSel ctermbg=244
hi PmenuSbar ctermbg=232
hi PmenuThumb ctermfg=81

hi PreCondit ctermfg=118 cterm=bold
hi PreProc ctermfg=118
hi Question ctermfg=81
hi Repeat ctermfg=161 cterm=bold
hi Search ctermfg=253 ctermbg=66

" marks column
hi SignColumn ctermfg=118 ctermbg=235
hi SpecialChar ctermfg=161 cterm=bold
hi SpecialComment ctermfg=245 cterm=bold
hi Special ctermfg=81 ctermbg=232
hi SpecialKey ctermfg=245

hi Statement ctermfg=161 cterm=bold
hi StatusLine ctermfg=238 ctermbg=253
hi StatusLineNC ctermfg=244 ctermbg=232
hi StorageClass ctermfg=208
hi Structure ctermfg=81
hi Tag ctermfg=161
hi Title ctermfg=166
hi Todo ctermfg=231 ctermbg=232 cterm=bold

hi Typedef ctermfg=81
hi Type ctermfg=81 cterm=none
hi Underlined ctermfg=244 cterm=underline

hi VertSplit ctermfg=244 ctermbg=232 cterm=bold
hi VisualNOS ctermbg=238
hi Visual ctermbg=235
hi WarningMsg ctermfg=231 ctermbg=238 cterm=bold
hi WildMenu ctermfg=81 ctermbg=16

hi Normal ctermfg=252 ctermbg=233
hi Comment ctermfg=59
hi CursorLine ctermbg=234 cterm=none
hi CursorColumn ctermbg=234
hi LineNr ctermfg=250 ctermbg=234
hi NonText ctermfg=250 ctermbg=234
end
重启vim再进来看看

原文

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